An endemic subspecies in Taiwan. The other seven subspecies are distributed in Vietnam, Sumatra, Java, Borneo and Sri Lanka. A bird of high mountains, Formosan Whistling Thrust has the biggest body among all Turdidae birds in Taiwan. Male and female birds have similar plumage. The entire body of the bird is glossy bluish-purple. Even though the bird is mostly found in mountain areas of low and middle elevations, it has been observed in areas 2,000 meters above sea level in Lishan. The bird usually inhabits along streams and it prefers to stay alone, except during the breeding season. It often jumps on rocks in small streams as it is not good at long flight by nature. Feeds on aquatic waterside insects and small fish or shrimps. It builds its nest in rock cavities , tree holes, bridge piers, inside walls of a tunnel and sometimes even in kiosks where visitors can come and take a rest. It uses stalks of grasses and mosses to build its nest.
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