Endemic to Taiwan, the genus of Arborophila has 14-15 species distributed in north India, north Myanmar, northern highland of Indochina, southwestern highland of China, Hainan Island and Sumatra. As the bird cannot fly too far, it gradually evolves into endemic species in various areas. It is found in mixed forests in mountain areas at low and middle elevations. However, Taiwan Hill Partridge and Formosan Bamboo Partridge do not belong to the same genus. Usually stay in hidden mixed forest, the bird often makes a long and ascending call at dawns and dusk. It feeds on insects, buds and grass seeds and builds a shallow nest in grass meadows.
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